Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova was born on the 6 March 1937. She is the first woman to have flown in space, having been selected from more than four hundred applicants and five finalists to pilot Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963. In order to join the Cosmonaut Corps, Tereshkova was honorarily inducted into the Soviet Air Force and thus she also became the first civilian to fly in space.
Before her recruitment as a cosmonaut, Tereshkova was a textile-factory assembly worker and an amateur skydiver.
After the Vostok 6 flight there were whispers that she would marry Andriyan Nikolayev, the only bachelor cosmonaut to have flown. Andriyan and Valentina married on 3 November 1963 at the Moscow Wedding Palace.
On 8 June 1964, she gave birth to their daughter Elena Andrianovna Nikolaeva-Tereshkova, who became a doctor and was the first person to have both a mother and father who had travelled into space.